Gradual integration of prevention, treatment and care costs into national budgets during the transition phase should be considered carefully by stakeholders. Failure to do so would result in inadequate budgeting, and in a possible disruption of service provision to vulnerable and key populations, and possible subsequent resurgence of epidemics. Adequate resourcing is also one of the critical components to training and retaining of qualified medical workers who are the cornerstone of any sustainable health system.