At the end of the 1990’s, AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria were directly responsible for the death of 6 million people each year, in the poorest countries. Thanks to an unprecedented political mobilisation in the field of Health with the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the inclusion of the fight against pandemics in the agenda of the main global summits, the international community committed to raise massive funding and to promote a radically new approach as to development aid in health in favour of affected countries in their effort to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
In the endeavour to put an end to these epidemics that posed a risk to the development and stability of many countries, the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria was created in 2001, with an aim to attract, disburse and monitor the use of additional resources, over and above existing local funding sources.
In the last 16 years, remarkable progress has been achieved in terms of reducing the morbidity and mortality linked to the three diseases: incidence has been cut by 30 to 50%, depending on regions.
However, these epidemics remain major public health threats.